Local girls share snacks and play an Indian game known as Chappachuha, comparable to hopscotch, across from the local public school.
Pulga, a village 20 to 45 minutes walking from the nearest road in Birshaini, is seen as the last light of the day is visible through the plume of smoke coming from local fire places.
Hemraj, a local shepherd cuts grass from a marsh to feed his sheep over the winter. Once snowfall comes, there aren't pastures to graze and it can be late into the spring before shepherd can make it easily across the rivers because melting snow. This was the second snow of the year, coming two weeks after the first.
The Parbati Hydroelectric Project, concrete stacked 83.7m high, seen from a car window while crossing the valley from Pulga to Birshaini. This dam is operated by the Nation Hydro Power Corporation, a Government of India Enterprise. It currently dams the lower reaches of the Parvati River and funnels water using gravity through tunnels to provide power benefits to parts of Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Chandigarh.
Vasuki Nag Glacier is seen during the last light of the day. The stream from this glacier runs down between the villages of Pulga and Kalga, joining the Parvati River with the run off of the Parbati-II Hydroelectric Project.
Hemraj checks the flow under his watermill, known locally as a gharat. The force of the stream runs down a channel and underneath the mill, pushing a wooden turbine, eventually spinning a grinding stone inside. These shops are used to mill anything from corn to rice to wheat husk. This practice unfortunately is less and less common as streams dry up from glacial melt and commercially ground flour, while thought to be less healthy, is marginally cheaper.
Woman share a look as they break from the walk down the mountain with firewood. Woman are often seen carrying as much as 50 kilograms of wood during the winter time, used to keep warm and boil water. Wood is particularly important in sprawling blackouts, due to inclement weather and poor infrastructure, villagers can lose electricity for weeks at a time.
Hemraj, a local shepherd picks up one of his youngest sheep to cross the river. The rivers run extremely fast in the spring due to snow and glacial melt and are ice cold in the winter but seldom freeze, sheep falling in can be detrimental to the shepherd's livelihood.
A worker prunes apple trees in one of many village orchards. Land in Kalga was donated to villagers in Pulga to support the growth of apple orchards after climate change made lower altitudes unsuitable for farming the crop. Since, apples in the Kullu District of Himachal have seen an increase in yield but a decrease in production per area as the crop crawls to higher and higher altitudes, said a report by the Horticultural Research Station in Seobagh. In the meantime lower altitude farmers have adapted to growing fruits that don't require an intense frost period, like kiwis and pomegranates.
A man living in the village of Pulga takes a bath in a hot water spring early in the morning. Down river from Pulga exists a Hindu, Sikh, and Buddhist pilgrimage site in the valley town of Manikaran. Here you will find a Gurudwara, five major Hindu temples, and a Tibetan monastery. The hot springs here are free of sulphur, are utilized to cook, and are said to have curative powers. Some activists fear this site may face degradation due to the Parbati-II Hydroelectric Project roughly 15km upriver.
Pin Parvati pass is set behind rolling clouds after a freak hail storm in Pulga, Himachal Pradesh, during the spring months.